Results for 'Alireza Kazemi'

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Alireza Kazemi
Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences
  1. Propositional Attitudes as Commitments: Unleashing Some Constraints.Alireza Kazemi - 2020 - Dialogue 59 (3):437-457.
    ABSTRACTIn a series of articles, Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen and Nick Zangwill argue that, since propositional attitude ascription judgements do not behave like normative judgements in being subject to a priori normative supervenience and the Because Constraint, PAs cannot be constitutively normative.1 I argue that, for a specific version of normativism, according to which PAs are normative commitments, these arguments fail. To this end, I argue that commitments and obligations should be distinguished. Then, I show that the intuitions allegedly governing all normative (...)
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  2.  56
    The Realist Predicament with Evolutionary Epistemology.Mansouri Alireza - 2015 - Persian Journal for the Methodology of Social Sciences and Humanities 21 (82):171-193.
    Evolutionary epistemology seems to have difficulties with the realistic approach towards science. The present article suggests that, unlike the jusificationist approaches, critical rationalism, due to its distinctive conception of rationality, objectivity, and the role of truth in scientific activity, provides the required capacity for the compatibility of the realist perspective and evolutionary epistemology.
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  3.  33
    Nihilism and Information Technology.Alireza Mansouri & Ali Paya - 2020 - Persian Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 21 (4):29-54.
    Søren Kierkegaard, in his essay "The Present Age," takes a hostile stance towards the press. This is because he maintains that the press prepares the ground for the emergence of nihilism. Hubert Dreyfus extends this idea to other information technologies, especially the Internet. Since Kierkegaard-Dreyfus’ attitude towards various forms of information technology originates from philosophical anthropology and a particular conception of the meaning of life, assessing the viability of the attitude they hold requires further critical scrutiny. This paper aims to (...)
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  4.  16
    Critical Analysis of the “No Relevant Difference” Argument in Defense of the Rights of Artificial Intelligence.Mazarian Alireza - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 21 (1):165-190.
    There are many new philosophical queries about the moral status and rights of artificial intelligences; questions such as whether such entities can be considered as morally responsible entities and as having special rights. Recently, the contemporary philosophy of mind philosopher, Eric Schwitzgebel, has tried to defend the possibility of equal rights of AIs and human beings (in an imaginary future), by designing a new argument (2015). In this paper, after an introduction, the author reviews and analyzes the main argument and (...)
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  5.  87
    Piety.Alireza Maktabar - 2019 - Spiritual Quest 16 (1).
    Perfection of moral virtues was one of the most important goals of the Prophet’s (s) mission. Human beings can succeed in life only by acquiring moral virtues, and they can manage their lives towards acquiring those virtues and thus perfecting themselves. Living morally or seeking moral virtues requires a comprehensive theoretical and practical plan. One of the best and most fundamental plans in this regard is God-wariness (taqwa), which is like a beacon guiding people through vicissitudes of life towards the (...)
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  6.  17
    A Critical Rationalist looks at Husserl's approach to Scientific Knowledge.Alireza Mansouri - 2017 - Persian Journal for the Methodology of Social Sciences and Humanities 23 (91):49-66.
    Through his phenomenological approach, Husserl criticized the situation of science and called it a crisis. He aimed to suggest a way out of this crisis by presenting a philosophical program. However, restoring philosophy to its ancient unifying situation, saving science from this crisis, and giving it a human face, requires, according to critical rationalism, to consider the objectivity and rationality of science. Ignoring these considerations puts science on an incorrect and inconvenient path. These considerations require a revision of Husserl’s essentialism (...)
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  7.  16
    مبانی فلسفی مکانیک کوانتوم / Philosophical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics.Alireza Mansouri - 2016 - Tehran: Nashre Ney.
    With the advent of quantum mechanics in the early 20th century, a great revolution took place in science. The philosophical foundations of classical physics collapsed, and controversial conceptual issues arose: can the quantum mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete? Are the objects of nature inseparable? Do objects not have a specific location before measurement, and are there non-causal quantum jumps? As time passed, not only did the controversies not diminish, but with the decline of positivism, they got more (...)
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  8.  17
    How Physics and Metaphysics Interact in Spacetime.Alireza Mansouri - 2015 - Persian Journal on Metaphysics 6 (18):61-76.
    This paper examines how science and metaphysics interact in our theories about space and time. It is argued that scientific development affects philosophical thoughts about space and time. We first review the traditional arguments of substantivalists and relationists about space and time, especially those contained in the correspondence between Leibniz and Clarke. Then we show the mutual influence of science and metaphysics in the modern scientific era: for example, in neo-Newtonian structure, field theory, and special and general theories of relativity. (...)
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  9.  18
    Philosophical Relationship of Humanities and Technology.Alireza Mansouri & Ali Paya - 2019 - Persian Journal for the Methodology of Social Sciences and Humanities 25 (99):19-23.
    The purpose of this paper is to shed some light on the Philosophical relationship between humanities and technology. It will be explained that most disciplines in humanities are Janus-faced: they are part science/knowledge and part technology. The thesis of the paper is that the relationship between the technological aspect of humanities and other technologies is positive and synergetic, while the relationship between their scientific aspect and technologies is almost entirely critical and negative. The argument of the paper is not that (...)
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  10.  23
    Technology: Rationality and Criticizability vs Justificationism.Alireza Mansouri, Ali Paya & Sedigheh Ghayoumi - 2021 - Persian Journal on Strategy for Culture 14 (54):43-72.
    Any adequate philosophy of technology needs to take a clear stance with regard to the limits of criticizability. While observing the canons of criticizability may appear to be simple, many philosophical approaches (whether towards technology or other topics) abandon comprehensive criticizability by adopting some forms of justificationist or essentialist epistemology. This paper aims to show that criticizability can only be upheld by subscribing to a non-justificationist epistemology and by acknowledging the propositions/standards dichotomy; failing to do so leads to undesirable epistemic (...)
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  11.  22
    Technocracy in Science and Technology Policy.Alireza Mansouri - 2016 - Persian Journal on Strategy for Culture 9 (34):25-43.
    Development in all of its stages, from organizing the vision and strategy to implementing plans, requires policy-making. We show that the division of labor and specialization of sciences and some philosophical doctrines cause the emergence of technocracy in policies. Technocracy makes development not happen in the direction of public welfare. For this reason, for sustainable development, we need institutions, strategies, and philosophical contexts that provide a democratic ground for the possibility of criticizing and reforming policies.
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  12.  23
    The Importance and Role of Metaphysics for Science.Alireza Mansouri & Amir Ehsan Karbasizadeh - 2021 - Perisan Journal of Philosophical Investigations 15 (37):20-41.
    In this paper, we first examine the reasons for opposing metaphysics. While assessing these reasons, we intend to reach a plausible stance regarding the relationship between science and metaphysics and its role and importance in scientific activity. There are different views on this old question. We argue that the interaction of metaphysics and science is a complex interaction that can only be defended in the light of a critical approach. In this critical attitude, one should not only pay attention to (...)
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  13. Moral Sensitive Human Resource Development: A Conceptual Model and Its Implementation.Saleh Afroogh, Seyyed Abbas Kazemi & Faegheh Hajhosseini - 2021 - International Journal of Business and Management 16 (6).
    In this paper, we propose a conceptual model to improve moral sensitivity in human resource development (HRD) to assist human resource (HR) practitioners in contending with moral challenges in HRD. The literature on the relationship between ethics and HRD suggests that the organizational and employee development discipline deals with ethical issues at three different levels: Individual, organizational and communal, and international levels. In section I, we elaborate on moral challenges facing HRD. In section II, we conceptualize moral sensitive HRD, proposing (...)
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  14.  22
    An Appraisal of Rorty’s Approach to Epistemology From a Critical Rationalist Perspective.Mostafa Shaabani & Alireza Mansouri - 2020 - Persian Journal for Philosophical and Theological Research 22 (4):51-70.
    A large part of Richard Rorty’s works focus on criticizing the received view about philosophy. He argues, in his historical reconstruction of philosophical activity, that there has always been a misconception about philosophy in the history of philosophy. This misconception assumes that philosophy aims to grasp the ultimate knowledge, so it desperately engages in an attempt to achieve “truth”. In this view, which he calls representationalism and points to it by the metaphor of the mirror of nature, knowledge aims to (...)
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  15.  61
    Happiness and its transformation in Islamic Philosophy from Al- Kendi to Al- Tusi.Religious Thought & Alireza Aram - 2020 - Journal of Religiouw Thought 20 (77):1-28.
    Seeking for Happiness in Islamic Philosophy and its goal, it can be seen a literal and unanimous answer in philosopher words which reflects combination of worldly(secular) and otherworldly(sacred) happiness that it can prepare temporal and eschatological happiness. But in a deeper investigation we can ask: what is the main purpose? mortal or final dimension of happiness? As a result of the text, it seems that from Al- Kendi to Al- Rāzī the otherworldly happiness is considered as a result of worldly (...)
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  16.  15
    The Ontological and Epistemological Necessity of Local Beables in Quantum Mechanics.Maryam Ansari & Alireza Mansouri - 2021 - Persian Journal for Analytic Philosophy 25 (38):33-56.
    Bell introduces local beables in contrast to quantum mechanical observables. The present article emphasizes the importance and necessity of introducing local beables in quantum mechanics from the ontological and epistemological points of view. We argue that suggesting beables in the ontology of quantum mechanics is necessary to give an adequate account of its testability.
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  17.  66
    Assessment of the Experience of Beauty in Plato as the Numinous Experience.Mohammadreza Bayat & Alireza Taheri Soodejani - 2020 - Mirror of Wisdom 20 (2):77-100.
    The issue of the article is defending the claim that the experience of Beauty can be considered the numinous experience. First, the article explains Otto’s view on numinous experiences. Then it explains Plato’s view on Beauty and love. Finally, comparing the two views, the article shows that the experience of Beauty or Platonic love can be considered the numinous experience. Because, firstly, the experience of Beauty or Platonic love is an awareness of a “wholly other” being, which possesses all or (...)
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  18.  42
    The Experience of Beauty or Love as a Religious Experience in Plato.Mohammadreza Bayat & Alireza Taheri - 2018 - Religions and Mysticism 51 (2):182-202.
    The issue of the article is whether the experience of Beauty or love in Plato can be considered as some kind of religious experience. First, the article describes different views on the religious experience. Then it deals with Plato's view on beauty and love and their relationship. finally, demonstrating the divinity of Beauty in Plato, the article shows that if religious experience is an encounter of the experiencer with the divine being, or in religious term God, that manifests itself in (...)
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  19.  51
    Review: Analysing Political Discourse: Theory and Practice. [REVIEW]Alireza Salehi Nejad - 2017 - Central European Journal of International and Security Studies 11 (1):139--141.
    In this novel work, Paul Chilton expends a considerable amount of effort examining relations between the use of language and political discourse. Many realist linguists in the past century claimed that language should be evaluated as the innate part of a human mind. The scholarly interest in the public use of language is followed by crit-ical theory and the Frankfurt School of social theory and philosophy, which considered language rather as a social phenomenon than a mental phenomenon and intended to (...)
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  20.  38
    A Socio-Psychological Approach Towards Terrorism: How and Why Do Individuals Support, Join, Stay in, and Leave Terrorist Organizations?Alireza Salehi-Nejad - 2019 - In International Conference on Peace and Conflict Resolution. Tehran: University of Tehran.
    The phenomena of terrorism and other politically motivated violence have been assessed across different disciplines from political science and economics to theology and psychology. Whereas the definitions of the concepts of “terrorism” and “terrorist” are disputed and they rather reflect the perspectives of the defining entity, there is a common consensus that terrorism can be classified in terms of its type (such as state-sponsored, dissent, religious, pathological, narco-, cyber-, and bioterrorism), the scale (i.e. domestic vs. international), motives, and objectives. By (...)
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  21.  49
    ضرورت رویکردی اجتماعی روانشناختی برای مقابله با تروریسم: چرا افراد به گروه های تروریستی ملحق می شوند.Alireza Salehi-Nejad - 2019 - In سومین همایش سالانه انجمن علمی مطالعات صلح ایران: علوم انسانی و اجتماعی وصلح. Tehran:
    پژوهشگران پدیده تروریسم را از مواضع مختلفی ازجمله سیاسی، اقتصادی، روانشناختی، اجتماعی، فرهنگی و دینی مورد مطالعه قرار دادهاند. علیرغم وجود تعاریف متعدد و غیرواحدی از مفهوم تروریسم و تروریست بیان شده است که به طور کلی بیانگر دیدگاه ارائه دهنده آن است، اجماعی بر دسته بندی تروریسم یراساس نوع (مانند دولتی، مذهبی، پاتولوژیک، سایبری، نارکوتروریسم و بیوتروریسم)، مقیاس (داخلی و بین المللی)، انگیزه ها و اهداف آن وجود دارد. همچنین، ریشه ها و علل تروریسم می تواند منشا داخلی (مانند (...)
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  22.  40
    Britain and the Iranian Nuclear Program: An Illuminating Appraisal.Alireza Salehi-Nejad - 2019 - In The First Biennial Conference on Contemporary Iranian Studies.
    Owing to the escalating regional rivalries and the conventional arms race, Iran’s post-revolutionary hostilities towards the West, in addition to the crucial geopolitical and economic significance of the region, the complex Iranian nuclear crisis has made the global leaders to brood over the multilateral Iranian negotiations with the P5+1 and the International Atomic Energy Agency, which led to finalization and adoption of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action in 2015. The United Kingdom as a permanent member of the United Nations (...)
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  23.  29
    The Necessity and Importance of Incorporating Media and Information Literacy Into Holistic Metaliteracy.Alireza Salehi-Nejad - 2020 - Journal of Cyberspace Studies 4 (1):69-75.
    Digitalization and the emergence of the Internet have resulted in escalating access to information and communication. Given the circumstances that soaring access to information amounts to the intensification of misinformation and disinformation, a set of critical skills to navigate and critically assess the information is necessary. This paper outlines the significance of these skills, and provides a perspective on metaliteracy as a supplement to media and information literacy, and argues that the ability to conceptualize, access, comprehend, analyze, and use information (...)
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  24.  35
    The European Immigration Crisis: A Review.Alireza Salehi Nejad - 2016 - Central European Journal of International and Security Studies 10.
    Issues including the immigration flows, increased diversity of the society, and alienation of parts of the population are not necessarily new phenomena for the European Union. As an illustration, Frontex, the EU Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders, was founded in 2004 in the light of the uncontrolled immigration from Africa to control the cooperation between national border guards securing its external borders, or EUROSUR (the European Border Surveillance System) has come to effect since 2013.
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  25.  45
    US Foreign Policy and US-China Relations in a Changing World Order: The Assessment of American Think Tanks.Alireza Salehi-Nejad - 2019 - In The First International Conference on Chinese Studies. Tehran: University of Tehran.
    From the animosity of the Cold War era, the rapprochement in 1972, normalization of relations in 1979, to rising China and the current trade war, the US-China relationship has emerged and been regarded as an important relationship in global politics, and distinctively significant in the shaping of world order. The United States, a fount of modern think tanks, is home to approximately 30% of the total in the world. These think tanks were gradually embedded into American politics and exercise undoubtedly (...)
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  26. Russian Foreign Policy: The Return of Great Power Politics.Alireza Salehi Nejad - 2016 - Central European Journal of International and Security Studies 10 (3).
    In Russian Foreign Policy: The Return of Great Power Politics, Jeffrey Mankoff examines the course of Russian foreign policy since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. He provides a comprehensive over-view of both the continuity and the changes in Russian foreign policy from the end of the Cold War to the Putin era, and analyses Russia’s interactions with major global powers. Throughout the book, the author makes use of various theoretical approaches, including theories of international relations, classical geopolitical (...)
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  27. İbnü’l-arabî’ni̇n di̇n ve i̇nançlara yaklaşiminin William Chittick ve Reza Shah-kazemi̇ perspekti̇fi̇yle evrenselci̇ yorumu.Emrah Kaya - 2016 - Sakarya Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 18 (33):53-73.
    The purpose of this study is to examine the statements of Ibn al-ʿArabî regarding religions and beliefs through the perspectives of William Chittick and Reza Shah-Kazemi comparatively. Even though his expressions are occasionally elaborated in the light of the theory of the religious pluralism based on Western-Christian thought, by considering the universal message of the Qur’ān Chittick and Shah-Kazemi identify these expressions with “universalism.” This universalist approach bases on the distinction between “ontological will” and “religious will,” and “submission” (...)
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  28.  49
    The Global Media and Information Literacy Week: Moving Towards MIL Cities.Saied Reza Ameli & Alireza Salehi-Nejad - 2019 - Journal of Cyberspace Studies 3 (1):1--4.
    The Global Media and Information Literacy Week commemorates the progress in achieving “MIL for all” by aggregating various MIL-related local and international events and actions across different disciplines around the world.The MIL Global Week 2018, 24 to 31 October, was marked by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in collaboration with various organizations including the UN Alliance of Civilizations, the Global Alliance for Partnership on MIL, the International Federation of Library Associations, the International Association of School Libraries, and (...)
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  29.  89
    Personal, Family and Societal Educational Needs Assessment of Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury in Iran.Zahra Khazaeipour, Abolfazl Abouie, Fatemeh Zarei, Hamid Mirzaaghaie, Afsaneh Abd-Mousavi, Alireza Salehi-Nejad, Alexander Vaccaro, Rahimi-Movaghar R. & Vafa - 2018 - Neurosciences 23 (3):216--222.
    Objectives: To explore individuals’ perception of the personal, family and societal educational needs following a spinal cord injury. Methods: Sixty-one patients who sustained a traumatic SCI between March 2015 and June 2016 referred to Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center were included in a cross sectional study and completed an online survey containing open-and closed-ended questions, in Iran. Participants’ responses were analyzed i using a qualitative approach with a thematic analysis. Results: Following a thematic analysis of the patient’s perceived (...)
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  30. Should Individuals Choose Their Definition of Death?Alberto Molina, David Rodriguez-Arias & Stuart J. Youngner - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):688-689.
    Alireza Bagheri supports a policy on organ procurement where individuals could choose their own definition of death between two or more socially accepted alternatives. First, we claim that such a policy, without any criterion to distinguish accepted from acceptable definitions, easily leads to the slippery slope that Bagheri tries to avoid. Second, we suggest that a public discussion about the circumstances under which the dead donor rule could be violated is more productive of social trust than constantly moving the (...)
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