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Andreas Blank
Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt
  1.  38
    Esteem and Self-Esteem in Early Modern Ethics and Politics. An Overview.Andreas Blank - 2022 - Intellectual History Review 32 (1):1-14.
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  2.  77
    Wolff on Duties of Esteem in the Law of Peoples.Andreas Blank - 2021 - European Journal of Philosophy 29 (2):475-486.
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  3.  55
    Self-Knowledge and Varieties of Human Excellence in the French Moralists.Andreas Blank - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (3):513-534.
    ABSTRACTContemporary accounts of knowing one’s own mental states can be instructively supplemented by early modern accounts that understand self-knowledge as an important factor for flourishing human life. This article argues that in the early modern French moralists, one finds diverging conceptions of how knowing one’s own personal qualities could constitute a kind of human excellence: François de la Rochefoucauld argues that the value of knowing one’s own character faults could contribute to an attitude of self-acceptance that liberates one from the (...)
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  4.  54
    Christian Wolff on Common Notions and Duties of Esteem.Andreas Blank - 2019 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 8 (1):171-193.
    While contemporary accounts understand esteem and self-esteem as essentially competitive phenomena, early modern natural law theorists developed a conception of justified esteem and self-esteem based on naturally good character traits. This article explores how such a normative conception of esteem and self-esteem is developed in the work of Christian Wolff. Two features make Wolff’s approach distinctive: He uses the analysis of common notions that are expressed in everyday language to provide a foundation for the aspects of natural law on which (...)
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  5.  32
    Christoph Besold on Confederation Rights and Duties of Esteem in Diplomatic Relations.Andreas Blank - 2022 - Intellectual History Review 32 (1):51-70.
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  6.  71
    Mably on Esteem, Republicanism, and the Question of Human Corruption.Andreas Blank - 2021 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 3 (1):5.
    Gabriel Bonnot de Mably takes up the republican commonplace that the desire for esteem is what could motivate the fulfilment of duties of civic virtue. This commonplace, however, has become problematic through the discussion of the problem of human corruption in philosophers such as Blaise Pascal and Nicolas Malebranche. In this article, I will show that Mably takes this problem seriously. However, his critique of Malebranche’s solution to this problem and his critique of the economic reinterpretation of Malebranche’s concept of (...)
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  7.  68
    Helvétius's Challenge: Moral Luck, Political Constitutions, and the Economy of Esteem.Andreas Blank - 2020 - European Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):337-349.
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  8.  47
    Anne‐Thérèse de Lambert on Aging and Self‐Esteem.Andreas Blank - 2018 - Hypatia 33 (2):289-304.
    This article studies Madame de Lambert's early eighteenth-century views on aging, and especially the aging of women, by contextualizing them in a twofold way: It understands them as a response to La Rochefoucauld's skepticism concerning aging, women, and the aging of women; It understands them as being closely connected to a long series of scattered remarks concerning esteem, self-esteem, and honnêteté in Lambert's moral essays. Whereas La Rochefoucauld describes aging as a decline of intellectual, emotional, and physical powers and is (...)
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  9.  67
    Marquard Freher and the Presumption of Goodness in Legal Humanism.Andreas Blank - 2022 - History of European Ideas 1 (Online first):1-15.
    One of the most detailed early modern discussions of the morality of esteem can be found in the work of the reformed jurist and historian Marquard Freher (1565–1614). Since the question of how much esteem others deserve is fraught with a high degree of uncertainty, Freher relied on the work of other legal humanists, who discussed questions of esteem from the perspective of arguments from the presumption of goodness. The humanist approach to the presumption of goodness integrated considerations about presumed (...)
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  10.  25
    Sennert and Leibniz on Animate Atoms.Andreas Blank - 2011 - In Machines of Nature and Composite Substances in Leibniz. Dordrecht, Netherlands: pp. 115-130.
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  11.  69
    D’Holbach on (Dis-)Esteeming Talent.Andreas Blank - 2020 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 2 (1):10.
    Rousseau argues that holding the talented in high public esteem leads the less talented to esteem their natural virtues less highly and therefore to neglect the cultivation of these virtues. D’Holbach’s response to Rousseau indicates a sense in which esteeming talent can avoid these detrimental consequences. The starting point of d’Holbach’s defense of the sciences and arts is an analysis of the impact that despotic regimes have on esteeming talent. He argues that there is not only a problem of over-valuing (...)
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  12.  70
    Mary Astell on Flattery and Self-Esteem.Andreas Blank - 2015 - The Monist 98 (1):53-63.
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  13.  94
    Sixteenth-Century Pharmacology and the Controversy Between Reductionism and Emergentism.Andreas Blank - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (2):157-184.
    Sixteenth century pharmacology was still very much under the influence of a distinction going back to ancient medicine: the distinction between effects of medicaments that were taken to be explainable by the elementary qualities, their mutual modification in mixture, and the combination of these modified elementary qualities on the one hand, and the effects of medicaments that were taken not to be explicable in this manner.1 Galen coined the expression that a medicament of the latter kind possesses the capacity of (...)
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  14.  16
    Aquinas and Soto on Derogatory Judgement and Noncomparative Justice.Andreas Blank - 2012 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 29 (4):411-427.
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  15.  26
    Marquard Freher and the Presumption of Goodness in Legal Humanism.Andreas Blank - 2022 - History of European Ideas 1 (1):1-15.
    One of the most detailed early modern discussions of the morality of esteem can be found in the work of the reformed jurist and historian Marquard Freher (1565–1614). Since the question of how much esteem others deserve is fraught with a high degree of uncertainty, Freher relied on the work of other legal humanists, who discussed questions of esteem from the perspective of arguments from the presumption of goodness. The humanist approach to the presumption of goodness integrated considerations about presumed (...)
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  16.  23
    The Morality of Self-Acceptance: La Rochefoucauld and the Augustinian Challenge.Andreas Blank - 2022 - Early Modern French Studies 1 (1):1-19.
    This article argues that the reception of Augustinian ideas in Pascal and Nicole can be used to clarify what is distinctive in La Rochefoucauld’s treatment of self-relations. La Rochefoucauld does not share the Augustinian dichotomy between self-love at the price of forgetting God and love of God at the price of self-contempt that is prominent in both Pascal and Nicole. Rather, La Rochefoucauld develops a conception of an attitude towards the self that could be described as self-acceptance. As he describes (...)
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  17.  36
    Self-Deception and Illusions of Esteem: Contextualizing Du Châtelet’s Challenge.Andreas Blank - 2022 - In Ruth Edith Hagengruber (ed.), Époque Émilienne. Philosophy and Science in the Age of Émilie Du Châtelet (1706–1749). Cham, Switzerland: pp. 391-410.
    This article discusses Du Châtelet’s challenging claim that entertaining illusions, especially illusions of being esteemed by posterity, is conducive to happiness. It does so by taking a contextualizing approach, contrasting her views with the views on illusions and happiness in Julien Offray de La Mettrie and Bernard de Fontenelle. I will argue for three claims: (1) Du Châtelet’s view that illusions are akin to perceptions that are favorable to us problematically generalizes La Mettrie’s insight that some acts of the imagination (...)
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  18.  22
    Bentham and Helvétius on the Morality of the Desire for Esteem.Andreas Blank - 2022 - Rivista di Filosofia 113 (2):341-360.
    The present article draws attention to some specific similarities between Helvétius and Bentham in their treatments of the morality of the desire for esteem. These similarities can be observed in three fields: (1) Helvétius and Bentham integrate the desire for esteem into more general accounts of how sensible interest motivates human action; (2) they analyse various everyday situations in which the desire for esteems has consequences that are detrimental for social life; and (3) they emphasize republican constitution building as an (...)
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  19.  15
    D’Holbach on Self-Esteem, Justice, and Cosmopolitanism.Andreas Blank - 2016 - Eighteenth-Century Studies 49 (4):439-453.
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  20.  16
    Wittgenstein on Aspect Blindness and Meaning Blindness.Ohad Nachtomy & Andreas Blank - 2015 - Iyyun 64 (1):57-76.
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  21.  21
    Esteem and Self-Esteem in the British and French Moralists. A Comparative Approach.Andreas Blank & Francesco Toto - 2022 - Rivista di Filosofia 113 (2):177-188.
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  22.  71
    D’Holbach on Self-Esteem and the Moral Economy of Oppression.Andreas Blank - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (6):1116-1137.
    Recently, the idea that our desire for the esteem of others could function as a regulative principle of social life has been criticized because the economy of esteem could reinforce oppressive structures due to expressions of mutual esteem within oppressing groups with deviant group norms. This article discusses this problem from a historical point of view, focusing on the moral and political writings of the eighteenth-century French materialist Paul Thiry d’Holbach. D’Holbach’s thoughts are relevant in two respects: For situations of (...)
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  23.  30
    On Reconstructing Leibniz's Metaphysics.Andreas Blank - 2022 - Hungarian Philosophical Review 66 (1):69-89.
    This article discusses some reasons for taking a reconstructive approach to the argumentative structure of Leibniz’s metaphysics. One reason is the fragmentary nature of the countless notes and letters that constitute by far the largest part of Leibniz‘s philosophical output. Another reason is that conjecturing how the many isolated arguments proposed by Leibniz fit into a large-scale argumentative structure could yield insights into how Leibniz made use of the method of intuition – both in his analysis of mind and in (...)
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  24.  18
    Domingo de Soto on Doubts, Presumptions, and Noncomparative Justice.Andreas Blank - 2015 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 32 (1):1-18.
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  25.  22
    Complaisance and the Question of Autonomy in the French Women Moralists, 1650–1710.Andreas Blank - 2018 - In Alberto Siani Sandrine Bergès (ed.), Women Philosophers on Autonomy. London, UK: pp. 43–60.
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  26.  25
    Common Notions and Immortality in Digby and the Early Leibniz.Andreas Blank - 2022 - In Han Thomas Adriaenssen & Laura Georgescu (eds.), The Philosophy of Kenelm Digby (1603–1665). Cham, Switzerland: pp. 59–87.
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  27.  46
    Nicolaus Taurellus on Forms and Elements.Andreas Blank - 2014 - Science in Context 27 (4):659-682.
    ArgumentThis article examines the conception of elements in the natural philosophy of Nicolaus Taurellus and explores the theological motivation that stands behind this conception. By some of his early modern readers, Taurellus may have been understood as a proponent of material atoms. By contrast, I argue that considerations concerning the substantiality of the ultimate constituents of composites led Taurellus to an immaterialist ontology, according to which elements are immaterial forms that possess active and passive potencies as well as motion and (...)
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  28.  73
    Fortunio Liceti on Mind, Light, and Immaterial Extension.Andreas Blank - 2013 - Perspectives on Science 21 (3):358-378.
    In the history of seventeenth-century philosophy, the distinction between material and immaterial extension is closely associated with the Cambridge Platonist Henry More (1614–1687). The aspect of More’s conception of immaterial extension that proved most influential is his theory of absolute divine space. Very plausibly, the Newtonian conception of space owes a great deal to More’s views on space. More’s views on space in turn were closely linked to his views on the nature of individual spirits—the souls of brutes and humans, (...)
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  29. Julius Caesar Scaliger on Corpuscles and the Vacuum.Andreas Blank - 2008 - Perspectives on Science 16 (2):pp. 137-159.
    This paper investigates the relationship between some corpuscularian and Aristotelian strands that run through the thought of the sixteenth-century philosopher and physician Julius Caesar Scaliger. Scaliger often uses the concepts of corpuscles, pores, and vacuum. At the same time, he also describes mixture as involving the fusion of particles into a continuous body. The paper explores how Scaliger’s combination of corpuscularian and non-corpuscularian views is shaped, in substantial aspects, by his response to the views on corpuscles and the vacuum in (...)
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  30.  10
    The Morality of Self-Acceptance. La Rochefoucauld and the Augustinian Challenge.Andreas Blank - 2022 - Early Modern French Studies 1 (1):1-19.
    This article argues that the reception of Augustinian ideas in Pascal and Nicole can be used to clarify what is distinctive in La Rochefoucauld’s treatment of self-relations. La Rochefoucauld does not share the Augustinian dichotomy between self-love at the price of forgetting God and love of God at the price of self-contempt that is prominent in both Pascal and Nicole. Rather, La Rochefoucauld develops a conception of an attitude towards the self that could be described as self-acceptance. As he describes (...)
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  31.  19
    Santorio and Leibniz on Natural Immortality: The Question of Emergence and the Question of Emanative Causation.Andreas Blank - 2022 - In Jonathan Barry & Fabrizio Bigotti (eds.), Santorio Santori and the Emergence of Quantified Medicine. London and New York: pp. 191-216.
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  32.  9
    Self-Deception and Illusions of Esteem: Contextualizing Du Châtelet’s Challenge.Andreas Blank - 2022 - In Ruth Edith Hagengruber (ed.), Époque Émilienne. Philosophy, Science and Culture in the Age of Émilie Du Châtelet. Cham, Switzerland: pp. 391-410.
    This article discusses Du Châtelet’s challenging claim that entertaining illusions, especially illusions of being esteemed by posterity, is conducive to happiness. It does so by taking a contextualizing approach, contrasting her views with some Epicurean aspects of the views on illusions and happiness in Bernard de Fontenelle and Julien Offray de La Mettrie. I will argue for three claims: (1) Du Châtelet’s comparison between self-related illusions and illusions in the theater is vulnerable to objections deriving from some distinctions that Fontenelle’s (...)
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  33.  18
    Daniel Sennert and the Late Aristotelian Controversy Over the Natural Origin of Animal Souls.Andreas Blank - 2016 - In Animals. New Essays. Munich, Germany: pp. 75-99.
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  34.  24
    Presumptions and Cognitive Simplicity in Leibniz and Early Modern Legal Theory.Andreas Blank - 2021 - In Tilmann Altwicker, Francis Cheneval & Matthias Mahlmann (eds.), Rechts- und Staatsphilosophie bei G. W. Leibniz. Tübingen, Deutschland: Mohr Siebeck. pp. 23-42.
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  35.  62
    The Morality of the Desire for Esteem: Gassendi and the Augustinian Challenge.Andreas Blank - 2021 - History of European Ideas 47 (8):1228-1242.
    ABSTRACT Pierre Gassendi has not been perceived as one of the early modern philosophers who had something interesting to say about the role of the desire for esteem in social life and the moral duties connected with this desire. Nevertheless, in his Animadversiones in decimum librum Diogenis Laertii there are some scattered, but interrelated remarks about how the desire for esteem could be supportive of civic virtue. These remarks were written during the years when Jansenism became a considerable intellectual force (...)
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  36.  7
    Jacob Schegk on Plants, Medicaments, and the Question of Emergence.Andreas Blank - 2022 - In Antonio Clericuzio, Paolo Pecere & Charles Wolfe (eds.), Mechanism, Life and Mind in Modern Philosophy. Cham, Switzerland: pp. 27-47.
    The view that living beings as well as plant-based medicaments possess causal properties that are caused by the causal properties of their constituents, without being reducible to the combination of the causal properties of these constituents goes back to ancient thinkers such as Alexander of Aphrodisias and Johannes Philoponus. In the early modern period, this view was not only criticized by natural philosophers taking a reductionist stance; it was also criticized by Neo-Platonic thinkers such as Jean Fernel. One of the (...)
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  37.  30
    Confessionalization and Natural Philosophy.Andreas Blank - 2022 - In Dana Jalobeanu and David Marshall Miller (ed.), The Cambridge History of Philosophy of the Scientific Revolution. Cambridge: pp. 111-127.
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  38.  51
    Common Usage, Presumption and Verisimilitude in Sixteenth-Century Theories of Juridical Interpretation.Andreas Blank - 2017 - History of European Ideas 43 (5):401-415.
    ABSTRACTThe question of how common usage could be constitutive for the meaning of linguistic expressions has been discussed by Renaissance philosophers such as Lorenzo Valla, and it also played an important role in Renaissance theories of juridical interpretation. An aspect of the analysis of common usage in Renaissance theories of juridical interpretation that concerns the role of presumption has not yet found much attention. Renaissance jurists such as Simone de Praetis, Nicolaus Everardus, and Aimone de Cravetta saw that both the (...)
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  39.  30
    Nicolaus Taurellus on Vegetative Powers and the Question of Substance Monism.Andreas Blank - 2021 - In Fabrizio Baldassarri & Andreas Blank (eds.), Vegetative Powers: The Roots of Life in Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Natural Philosophy. Springer. pp. 199-219.
    This article analyzes the treatment of vegetative powers in Nicolaus Taurellus’s critical response to Andrea Cesalpino. Taurellus’s interest in this topic derives from larger metaphysical and theological concerns. His concern is that Cesalpino’s view that vegetative powers are due to a divine principle of activity inherent in natural particulars leads to a version of substance monism that is incompatible with the Christian doctrine of creation. Taurellus’s critique can best be understood within the context of his defense of an immaterialist account (...)
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  40.  83
    Striving Possibles and Leibniz’s Cognitivist Theory of Volition.Andreas Blank - 2016 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 5 (2):29-52.
    Leibniz’s claim that possibles strive towards existence has led to diverging interpretations. According to the metaphorical interpretation, only the divine will is causally efficacious in bringing possibles into exisence. According to the literal interpretation, God endows possibles with causal powers of their own. The present article suggests a solution to this interpretative impass by suggesting that the doctrine of the striving possibles can be understood as a consequence of Leibniz’s early cognitivist theory of volition. According to this theory, thinking the (...)
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  41.  58
    Julius Caesar Scaliger on Plants, Species, and the Ordained Power of God.Andreas Blank - 2012 - Science in Context 25 (4):503-523.
    ArgumentThe sixteenth-century physician and philosopher Julius Caesar Scaliger suggests that in particular cases plants can come into being that belong to a plant species that did not exist before. At the same time, he holds that God could not have created a more perfect world. However, does the occurrence of new species not imply that the world was not the best possible world from the beginning? In this article, I explore a set of metaphysical ideas that could provide Scaliger with (...)
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  42.  14
    Material Causes and Incomplete Entities in Gallego de la Serna’s Theory of Animal Generation.Andreas Blank - 2014 - In Ohad Nachtomy & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.), The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy. New York, NY, USA: pp. 117–136.
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  43.  2
    Helvétius and His Critics: Esteem, Benevolence and the Question of the Diminution of the Individual.Andreas Blank - 2022 - Historia Philosophica 20 (1):193-204.
    How persuasive are Rousseau’s and Diderot’s objections against Helvétius’s view that it is always interest that guides our esteem? Against Helvétius’s view that we always esteem ourselves in others, Rousseau objects that we can esteem the ideas that we recognize to be superior to our own ideas; against Helvétius’s idea that particu-lar societies and nations can only esteem ideas that are useful for them, Diderot objects that we can experience and esteem the feeling of universal benevolence. However, Rousseau and Diderot (...)
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  44.  49
    Material Souls and Imagination in Late Aristotelian Embryology.Andreas Blank - 2010 - Annals of Science 67 (2):187-204.
    This article explores some continuities between Late Aristotelian and Cartesian embryology. In particular, it argues that there is an interesting consilience between some accounts of the role of imagination in trait acquisition in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian embryology. Evidence for this thesis is presented using the extensive biological writings of the Padua-based philosopher and physician, Fortunio Liceti . Like the Cartesian physiologists, Liceti believed that animal souls are material beings and that acts of imagination result in material images that can (...)
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  45.  61
    Existential Dependence and the Question of Emanative Causation in Protestant Metaphysics, 1570–1620.Andreas Blank - 2009 - Intellectual History Review 19 (1):1-13.
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  46.  17
    Leibniz on Usucaption, Presumption, and International Justice.Andreas Blank - 2011 - Studia Leibnitiana 43 (1):70-86.
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  47.  43
    Cartesian Logic and Locke’s Critique of Maxims.Andreas Blank - 2018 - In Martine Pécharman Philippe Hamou (ed.), Locke and Cartesian Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 186–204.
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  48.  99
    Definitions, Sorites Arguments, and Leibniz’s Méditation Sur la Notion Commune de la Justice.Andreas Blank - 2004 - The Leibniz Review 14:153-166.
    As Leibniz points out in the Méditation sur la notion commune de la jus tice, justice—defined as charity of the wise and universal benevolence—belongs “to the necessary and eternal truths about the nature of things, as numbers and proportions.” According to the interpretation of Patrick Riley, from this perspective the two manuscripts usually regarded as belonging to the Méditation should be seen as complementary parts of a unitary Platonizing work. According to Riley, the manuscript that now constitutes the first part (...)
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  49.  17
    On Interpreting Leibniz's Mill.Andreas Blank - 2010 - In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Interpretation: Ways of Thinking About the Sciences and the Arts. University of Pittsburgh Press.
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  50.  30
    Leibniz and the Early Modern Controversy Over the Right of International Mediation.Andreas Blank - 2015 - In “Das Recht kann nicht ungerecht sein …” Beiträge zu Leibniz’ Philosophie der Gerechtigkeit. Stuttgart, Germany: pp. 117-135.
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