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Klodjan Xhexhi
Polis University, Tirana, Albania
  1.  73
    Lighting in Hospitals. Case Study: Military Hospital of Tirana, Albania (8th edition).Klodjan Xhexhi - 2024 - Engineering Innovations 8:17-30.
    Hospitals must have adequate lighting so that medical personnel can do their duties and attend to the requirements of patients and visitors. A comfortable recuperation environment may be created with the aid of good lighting. The relationship between daylighting and artificial lighting and their role in the design process will be mentioned. Specific areas of the hospital will be under adequate lighting analysis. The areas taken into consideration are entrance and waiting areas, circulation areas, operating theatres and clean rooms, wards (...)
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  2.  69
    Urban Heat Islands in Tirana, Albania. Analysis and Potential Solutions (8th edition).Klodjan Xhexhi - 2024 - Engineering Innovations 8:3-15.
    Cities and towns are expanding and thriving as a result of urbanization, which also significantly changes the local climate. One of the most significant phenomena associated with urbanization is the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect. This phenomenon is increasingly being studied worldwide. The paper aims to investigate the UHI phenomenon in the metropolitan area of Tirana, Albania. It analyses the impact of the UHI on four specific locations in Tirana, its causes and mitigation measures, as well as variations in surface (...)
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  3.  87
    Structuralism, Modular Construction, and “Grid” As Universal Instruments for Building Designs.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - International Journal of Advanced Natural Sciences and Engineering Researches 7:198-197.
    Structuralism can be defined as an important concept of using “units” as elements of form and space-giving, where the whole form is made not only up of a “texture”, a certain flexible grid, or an algorithm of shape-giving, but it depends also on the relationships created and how people use it. The hypothesis of this study is that “Modular Construction” can also have an aesthetically pleasing outlook and that modular housing can definitely have increasing importance in the future. Modular housing (...)
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  4.  64
    NEW HORIZONS AND OPPORTUNITIES OF MODULAR CONSTRUCTIONS AND THEIR TECHNOLOGY.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - International Journal of Advanced Natural Sciences and Engineering Researches 7:209-216.
    The use of modular construction technology has emerged as a promising solution to the challenges of the construction industry all over the world. This paper examines the new horizons and opportunities that modular construction technology offers not only in the Albanian context but also in some European countries. The paper provides an overview of the status of Albania's construction market and emphasizes the advantages of modular construction technology, including quicker construction, lower costs, and better quality control. Unfortunately, prefabricated constructions are (...)
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  5.  28
    Comparative Mathematical Analyses Between Different Building Typology in the City of Kruja, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2020 - Test Engineering and Management 83 (March-April 2020):17225-17234.
    The city of Kruja dates back to its existence in the 5th and 6th centuries. In the inner city are preserved great historical, cultural, and architectural values that are inherited from generation to generation. In the city interact and coexist three different typologies of dwellings: historic buildings that belong to the XIII, XIV, XV, XIII, XIX centuries (built using the foundations of previous buildings); socialist buildings dating back to the Second World War until 1990; and modern buildings which were built (...)
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  6.  47
    Working platform design - Verification by static and dynamic plate load testing, case study Tirana, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering and Science 13 (2):04-11.
    The foundation of a building connects the main body superstructure to the ground. Every form of foundation and footing have a unique application in a given location for a certain weather condition. Understanding the foundation work is crucial for carrying out building activities. Due to the variety of structures they support, foundations are frequently built in different subsoil conditions and are exposed to static loads. The proper evaluation of soil-bearing capacity is fundamental to the construction of various buildings. One of (...)
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  7.  43
    Pedestrian Behaviour on Different Streets in Tirana's Context, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - International Conference on Social Science Research Iconsr 2023 At: Budva, Montenegro 6.
    The aim of this paper is to make a comparison between different streets typology (with a distribution from center to suburb) specified in Tirana, taking into account the pedestrians' behavior on these streets. This paper will primarily focus on the following streets: “Myslym Shyri” street, “Bllok” area, “Kombinat” area, (an extension of Kavaja’s Street), and also “Ana Komnena” street (former “Fusha e Aviacionit”). The pedestrian actions, likeness, dissatisfaction, walking distance while transferring to another zone, greenery effects on pedestrians, time spent, (...)
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  8.  43
    The EPS and XPS technical proprieties comparison and their usage in Albanian Contexed.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - International Journal of Engineering and Science (IJES) 12 (3):20-24-1805.
    Extruded polystyrene (XPS) otherwise known as a thermoplastic polymer has a closed cell structure and is often stronger, with a higher mechanical performance. XPS is a pressed material and is sold in different thicknesses ranging from 2 cm to 10 cm, thus having a weight that varies from 28 to 45 kg/m3 due to the force and pressure exerted on it. In general, XPS material has very low thermal conductivity and is resistant to bending. This material obtains typical values of (...)
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  9.  41
    Moisture Level And Water Absorption In The Most Popular Types Of Woods In Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology (Jmest) 10 (3):15812-15817.
    This paper is going to deal with water absorption in different types of wood such as: pine, oak, beech, and fir. The amount of water absorbed by these types of wood is known as water absorption and it is determined using the material's initial state and after their immersion in water. The major goal of this study is to explain the effects of water absorption in hardwood materials and to demonstrate the changes that will take place in them over the (...)
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  10.  39
    Analysis of acoustic pollution in buildings near high traffic streets. Case study Zogu Zi crossroad, Tirane, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - International Journal of Engineering Inventions 12 (2):80-87.
    Acoustic pollution is one of the main pollutants nowadays but it is not considered of great importance in the construction field, despite some studies showing that most of acoustic pollution is produced by buildings under construction and roads with high traffic. The aim of the paper is to compare the noise levels at different time of the day in two different buildings which have different characteristics and different construction materials. The goal is to understand how well sound isolated civil buildings (...)
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  11.  35
    A historical glance over Fierza dam, Shkoder, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - International Journal of Engineering Science Invention (Ijesi) 12 (2):18-25.
    Is it about energy?! This paper consists of the analysis of the construction of the Fierza's dam, built on the Drin river bed in 1978. During the study of the dam construction scheme and later during the design of the projects, various problems were taken into account, such as the geological conditions of the area where the hydropower plants were erected, the construction materials, the most suitable solution for the type of dam, the auxiliary works, their construction, sequence and time. (...)
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  12.  35
    Administrative Modular Buildings/ Co-Working Spaces. A review.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - International Journal of Advanced Natural Sciences and Engineering Researches 7:257-263.
    The paper presents an analysis of the current state of administrative modular buildings and co-working spaces in some European countries and Latin America. The study provides an overview of the concept of modular buildings and co-working spaces, including their history and evolution and their energy efficiency. They also examine the benefits and drawbacks of these types of buildings, as well as the factors that contribute to their success. The authors analyze several case studies of administrative modular buildings and co-working spaces (...)
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  13.  35
    Thermal performance of different masonry wall composition. Case study: Polis University, Tirana, Albania (4th edition).Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - E3S Web Conf 436 (E3S Web Conf.):1-8.
    Albania is part of the emerging economies of the Western Balkan region. Polis University is one of the pioneering institutions in the field of architecture, built environment, and city sciences that represents innovative methodologies and concepts for educational and scientific purposes. Nowadays, many constructions in Albania involve a wide range of different materials. The building envelope is one of the main elements that provide protection from the outside environment but also the required thermal comfort for the inhabitants. The necessary balance (...)
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  14.  34
    STUDY OF THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF PREFABRICATED LARGE PANEL BUILDINGS.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - Proceedings of the 2Nd Croatian Conference on Earthquake Engineering - 2Crocee 2.
    Many countries in Eastern Europe, during the 1960–1970s, as well as Albania responded to the growing demand for new houses utilizing the emerging trends for industrialization of the construction process and mass construction of prefabricated residential buildings based on large-panel prefabricated RC elements. During the 1970s large-panel buildings spread throughout the country and became the main type of construction in the Albanian cities such as Shkodër, Tirana, Durrës, Elbasan, Berat, etc. Most of these buildings have five or six stories and (...)
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  15.  32
    Advanced Facade Systems in Tirana, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - Iosr Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (Iosr-Jmce) 20 (1):25-31.
    This article presents information about facades, their thermal insulating role in buildings in Albania. The façade in construction is one of the necessary factors to ensure a longer life of the buildings and indoor thermal comfort. Façade systems are composed of different materials, which provide a protective effect during the life of the building. The article will focus on the characteristic materials used in Albania for the construction of facades and the main materials used from the year 2000 up to (...)
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  16.  32
    The Post-Socialist Socio-Spatial Transformation in Tirana, Albania (8th edition).Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - International Journal of Current Science Research and Review 6 (8):5956-5963.
    The overwhelming majority of Albania’s urban population is located in Tirana, a city with a very dynamic socio-spatial reality, resulting as an entry point for people from various origins, including multicultural rural societies, and has significant concentrations of finance and other economic activities. Urban areas demonstrate the dynamics that impact society from many angles, including those related to technology, economics, demographics, and culture, via a diverse and changed perspective. Since 1991, there has been a growing separation between classes, genders, and (...)
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  17.  30
    Comparison of the Compression Test and the Rebound Test for Evaluating the Brand of Concrete in Precast Reinforced Concrete Elements.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2023 - Engineering and Technology Journal 8 (3):2021-2028.
    This paper will provide information about the concrete brand produced in the factory for the prefabricated elements and the comparison of the results given by the test of resistance to compression and the results of the test of the hammer impact of the sclerometer. The idea and the need to conduct this study arose for 2 main reasons: first, from the poor results often obtained from sclerometer impact to the elements in the field, despite the compression resistance test with cubic (...)
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  18.  45
    Fortified Historical Dwelling Reevaluated in Modern Context, Gjirokastra, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2021 - Quest Journals Journal of Architecture and Civil Engineering 6 (1):25-34.
    Gjirokastra’s buildings occupy a special place in the housing typology of Albanian popular dwellings in the feudal period. The “popular tower" is linked with its defensive character, therefore in many cases, it takes the name of a castle or defensive tower. This paper takes into consideration a typical example of the historical fortified dwelling in a well-known city of Albania, Gjirokastra. The methodology used in order to improve the way of thinking, the way of implementing, and the way of designing (...)
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  19.  41
    Vertical Bionic City, New Futuristic Footprint.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2020 - International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (Ijirset) 9 (10):9418-9427.
    Solutions to the urban problems of the future must assume the new reality of megacities. The inevitable technological progress must find a balance with the ‘bio-ecological' recovery of the natural environment. In the vertical bionic city, all these occur; bio intelligence and giant structures of the city are merged into a single. These structures try to survive by relying on working together as a single organism alive, as ants work in their nest. What makes them so efficient? What makes them (...)
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  20.  40
    Capacity of Self-Sealing Concrete Embedding Crystalline Admixture.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2022 - European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research 7 (2).
    Concrete is one of the most intelligent and widely utilized man-made materials in the construction industry. Despite this, even high-quality concrete is susceptible to porosity, which reduces its serviceability period. Furthermore, there is an increasing need to increase longevity due to environmental exposure such as soil moisture, corrosive outside elements, or structural defects forming in the surface of concrete. The use of crystalline admixtures in concrete is one of the many approaches to reducing these risks. When crystalline admixtures come into (...)
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  21.  37
    Comparative analyze of thermal and tension strength properties of Alpolic and Durabond aluminum composite panels, case study Tirana, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2022 - Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology (Jmest) 9 (2):15132-15137.
    The focus of the paper is the comparison between the two composite aluminum panels, respectively Alpolic and Durabond. The paper is going to explore their reaction when interacting with Tirana`s climatological factors and their tension strength through an experiment, in order to find out which panel displays the best performance. The construction urge is constantly evolving, especially in Tirana mostly because it is the main industrial and economical district of Albania. It is distinguished that innovative technology is being used in (...)
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  22.  35
    Metaphor in Eco Architecture (8th edition).Klodjan Xhexhi - 2020 - IJournals: International Journal of Software and Hardware Research in Engineering 8 (8):23-30.
    Metaphor plays a central role in changing the architectural process. In order to better appreciate the nature of architectural creativity, generating more positive forms and volumes is required. Exists many conclusions which demonstrate that metaphors plays an important role shaping the design creativity. The aim of this paper is about understanding the exact role of the metaphor in architecture design from the concept of Aristotle to nowadays. Essentially it is the process by which most of the ideas come into being. (...)
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  23.  32
    An architectonic glance over the national museum "Gjergj Kastriot Skenderbeu", Kruja.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2014 - Proceedings of the 2 Nd Icaud International Conference in Architecture and Urban Design 2 (5):252-1-10.
    The aim of this paper is to have a better architectonic insight over the museum of Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg in the city of Kruja. The history for which Albanians are proud will be the focus of this paper from its genesis until now, always seeing its architectural perspective. The castle as the last resistance of Albanians at the time of Turkish occupation will be analyzed; together with the mode of implementation of the new Museum Gjergj Kastriot Skenderbeu at the time (...)
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  24.  29
    Noise Pollution Analysis in External Masonries of Heavy Traffic Roads, Case Study Tirana, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2022 - International Journal of Modern Research in Engineering and Technology (Ijmret) 7 (2):13-19.
    This paper determines the acoustic properties of external wall building materials composition. Noise pollution is one of the main pollutants nowadays but it is not considered of great importance in the construction field, despite some studies showing that greater acoustic pollution is produced by buildings under construction. The study consists of analysing two different types of buildings equipped with a different type of external masonry composition in terms of building materials. The buildings are located at “21 Dhjetori” street, Tirana, Albania. (...)
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  25.  28
    An Architectonic Recovery Plan over the North-East Historical Sector of Tirana, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2014 - Proceedings of the 2 Nd Icaud International Conference in Architecture and Urban Design 2 (5):267-1-8.
    The first signs of historical settlements in Tirana date back to the year 1614. These settlements and their road system belongs to the Ottoman city structure. Nowadays this historic northeast area of Tirana consists of a conglomeration of buildings that date back to different historical periods. A good part of these dwellings are informal ones, which damage the morphology of the area. This paper is considering a genuine historical basis to create an intervention model in this specific area of Tirana. (...)
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  26.  28
    Analysis of the Moisture Content and Temperature Levels in Different Types of Brick Walls–Case of Tirana, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2022 - International Journal of Modern Research in Engineering and Technology (Ijmret) 7 (2):30-37.
    This paper presents information about the moisture content and temperature level of brick walls in Tirana, Albania. The buildings whose walls have been studied were built in two different eras, throughout the twentieth century, and in more recent times. Given that during the second half of the twentieth century, Albania has been isolated from most of Europe and the West, and consequently the new architectural ideologies of the time, have not had the proper implementation there, the paper focuses on the (...)
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  27.  27
    The Influence of Different Age Buildings in People Lifestyle - Case of Kruja, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2019 - Sociology and Anthropology 7 (6):227-245.
    The aim of this paper is to analyse the people behaviour in different age buildings and different buildings typology. In the city of Kruja (Albania) exists mostly three types of buildings: the historical ones (medieval), the socialist ones (which belongs to the former communist regime) and the modern buildings. Each of them has different social and physics characteristics, different energy exchange and different building materials. The influence of all these characteristics in the exchange of energy and how they reflect in (...)
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  28.  25
    Determination of Temperature-Moisture Relationship by Linear Regression Models on Masonry and Floor, Kruja, Albania.Klodjan Xhexhi - 2020 - Ejers, European Journal of Engineering Research and Science 5 (4):421- 428.
    Kruja is a middle-range city located in the center of Albania. The city of Kruja dates back to its existence from the V-VI century and extends to the city around the VI and IX centuries. It becomes the first capital of Albania in the XI-th century, specifically in 1190. This paper is going to deal with only two groups of buildings that are an integral part of the historical city of Kruja, the historical dwellings (XVIII century) and the socialist ones (...)
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  29.  25
    Evaluation of Mathematical Regression Models for Historic Buildings Typology Case of Kruja (Albania).Klodjan Xhexhi - 2019 - International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) 8 (8):90-101.
    The city of Kruja (Albania)contains three types of dwellings that date back to different periods of time: the historic ones, the socialist ones, the modern ones. This paper has to deal only with the historic building's typology. The questionnaire that is applied will be considered for the development of mathematical regression based on specific data for this category. Variation between the relevant variables of the questionnaire is fairly or inverse-linked with a certain percentage of influence. The aim of this study (...)
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  30.  17
    Mathematical Evaluation Methodology Among Residents, Social Interaction andEnergy Efficiency, For Socialist Buildings Typology,Case of Kruja (Albania).Klodjan Xhexhi - 2020 - Test Engineering and Management 83 (March-April 2020):17005-17020.
    Socialist buildings in the city of Kruja (Albania) date back after the Second World War between the years 1945-1990. These buildings were built during the time of the socialist Albanian dictatorship and the totalitarian communist regime. A questionnaire with 30 questions was conducted and 14 people were interviewed. The interviewed residents belong to a certain area of the city of Kruja. Based on the results obtained, diagrams have been conceived and mathematical regression models have been developed which will serve as (...)
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